International Women’s Day honors the roles of women across the world including Indonesia. And, the false ideology that women act simply and solely as wives and mothers are pretty much dead. In today’s world, most women juggle between being a mother, wife, provider, and community leader. Exceeding their partner or family’s expectations has been accepted in today’s world. A direct result of globalization, increased modernization, democratization, and improved education.
Here is a shortlist of some of the most powerful women in the world that have been conveniently forgotten about; Zenobia, 240-275; Cleopatra 69-30 BC; Elizabeth I 1533-1603; Catherine the Great; 1729-1796, Hatshepsut;1508 BC, Maria Theresa of Austria 1717-1780; Empress Dowager, 1835-1908; Queen Victoria 1819-1901; Theodora 500-548; Margaret Thatcher 1925-2013; and Borte Ujin 1161-1230.
- March 31, 1776 (USA)– Abigail Adams makes a plea to John Adams in a letter
- 5 October 1789 (France)Women’s Petition to the National Assembly. Petitions were made for equal liberty, advantages, rights, nobleness, and honors between genders.
- July 19-20 1848– (USA)The Seneca Falls Convention– Sixty-eight women and 32 men signed the Declaration of Sentiments which led to the 19th Amendment allowing women to vote. Unfortunately, most of the states continued to restrict or prohibit women’s rights.
- January 23, 1849 (USA)Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first woman to graduate from medical school and become a doctor in the United States.
- May 29, 1851– (USA) Sojourner Truth, a former slave turned abolitionist and women’s rights activist made a speech “Ain’t I a Woman?” at the Women’s Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio USA.
- Dec. 10, 1869– Wyoming passes America’s first woman suffrage law, granting women the right to vote and hold office.
- May 15, 1869: Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton found the National Woman Suffrage Association
- 1879-1904 ; Raden Ajeng Kartini becomes Indonesia’s first Feminist
- 1886-Clementina Black & Women’s trade union- First successful equal pay resolution. Honorary secretary of the Women’s Trade Union League and moved an equal pay motion at the 1888 TUC Congress.
- 1888-(ENG) London’s Matchgirls Strike- Annie Besant and over 1400 women protested over poor wages and working conditions.
- 1890- (USA) Wyoming becomes the first state to allow women the right to vote.
- 1899- Australia -Women in Western Australia were granted the right to vote.
- 1907-Qualification of Woman Act
- 1908– 15,000 women marched in the streets of NYC, demanding better pay, shorter working hours and the right to vote.
- 1911- A German activist named Clara Zetkin made Woman’s Day an International day which was celebrated in 1911, in Austria, Germany, Denmark, and Switzerland after being proposed as a national day in the USA a year prior.
- 1912- Australia Wilhelmina (Mina) Wylie and Sarah Durack– Ended Australia’s ban on women competing in after they were accepted into the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm.
- April 2, 1917- Jeannette Rankin a long-time activist with the National Woman Suffrage Association, is sworn in as the first woman elected to Congress as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives.
20’s & 30’s
- August 18, 1920- (USA) “The Susan B. Anthony Amendment” or better known as the 19th Amendment allowing women to vote.
- 1921- W. Australia- Edith Cowan was the first woman to be elected to parliament in Australia. She campaigned for women’s rights throughout her career and co-founded the Karrakatta Club, which lobbied for the right for women to vote.
- 1928- Britain lowers age restriction to 21 making votings equal to men.
- 1929- (ENG)The ‘Flapper Election” The first general election where women were allowed to vote.
- May 20-21, 1932-(USA) Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman, and the second pilot ever to fly solo nonstop across the Atlantic.
- 1955,(USA) Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. The move helps launch the civil rights movement.
- 1956-(ENG)Equal civil service pay reform
- 1958-(ENG)Life peerages act; entitled women to sit in the house of the lords
- June 10, 1963– (USA) President JFK signs the Equal Pay Act prohibits sex-based wage discrimination between men and women performing the same job in the same workplace.
- July 2, 1964–(USA) Lyndon B Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act banning employment discrimination based on race, religion, national origin, or sex.
- 1960-Siramavo Bandaranaike- Sri Lanka; In 1960 she became the world’s first woman prime minister.
- 1966-Indira Gandhi- India; She was the first and, to date, the only female Prime Minister of India.
- June 30, 1966- Betty Friedan helps form Now– (National Organization for Women)
- 1968-(London) Fords Dagenham plant strikes which led to the Equal Pay Act.
- 1969- Golda Meir- Israel; The “Iron Lady” of Israeli politics was elected prime minister of Israel on March 17, 1969, after serving as Minister of Labour and Foreign Minister. The world’s fourth and Israel’s first and only woman to hold the office.
- 1970– (UK)Equal Pay Act
- 1972(USA) Richard Nixon signs IX of the Education Amendments stopping the denial of financial aid or benefits due to a person being female
- 1974–(ENG)National Women’s Aid Federations’ aim was to end domestic violence against women and children.
- 1975–(UK)Sex discrimination Act
- 1975-First Women’s rights European Petition
- 1979- Margaret Thatcher- United Kingdom1979-1990; She was the longest-serving British prime minister of the 20th century and the first woman to hold that office.
- 1980-Vigdis Finnbogadottir- Iceland; The fourth President of Iceland from 1980 to 1996. She was the world’s first democratically directly elected female president. She remains the longest-serving elected female head of state of any country to date.
- 1981- (USA) Sandra Day O’Connor becomes the first woman to serve U.S. supreme Court
- 1983– Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space
- 1984– Geraldine Ferraro becomes the first woman vice-presidential nominee by a major party.
- 1992- (Indonesia) Susi Susanti- Only female badminton player to hold the Olympic, World Championship and give Indonesia its first gold medal in the 1992 Olympics
- 1994– Bill Clinton signs the Violence Against Woman Act
March 12, 1993- Janet Reno is sworn in as the first female attorney general of the USA
- 1997– (Indonesia) Sri Mulyani Indrawati– set Indonesia’s highest record for economic growth and improving gender equality throughout Indonesia.
- 2001– Megawati Sukarnoputri became the first Female Indonesian President
- 2003 (Indonesia) Butet Manurung built alternative schools for indigenous commutes deep within remote jungles of Indonesia’s archipelagos.
- 2003– Robin Lim (“Mother Robin,” or “Ibu Robin”) Mother of eight children and founder of Yayasan Bumi Sehat (Mother Earth Foundation) Combats Indonesia’s high maternal and infant mortality rates, She was awarded the 2011 CNN Hero of the Year
- 2004 to 2011– Mari Elka Pangestu became the first female Chinese Indonesian to hold a cabinet position in Indonesia. She served as Minister of Trade, Minister of Tourism and Creative Economy.
- 2005– Angela Merkel- the most powerful woman in the world and Germany’s chancellor.
- 2006- (Liberia) Ellen Johnson Sirleaf- 2006-2018; the 24th president of Liberia. She was the first woman in Africa elected as president of her country. She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2011, in recognition of her efforts to bring women into the peacekeeping process.
- 2013– the US removes military ban on women serving combat positions.
- 2014, (Indonesia) Susi Pudjiastuti– was appointed Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries
- 2015-Indonesian president Joko Widodo appointed Destry Damayanti as Chief of the Corruption Eradication Commission Committee along with 8 other women.
- 2016, (USA) Hillary Clinton becomes the first woman to a presidential nomination from a major political party
- Today– (Pakistan) Malala Yousafzai Education Activist who in 2014, became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. Taliban shot Theon on her way to school. after writing blogs for the BBC in 2009, she was only 11 years old. Her blogs were about living under the Taliban’s threats who wanted to stop education.
- Today- (USA)Sabrina Paterski: The “new Einstein” a 26-year old American theoretical physicist from Chicago. Discovery Canada’s 2018 Woman’s Day Honoree and 2018 Albert Einstein Foundation Genius 100 Vision Projects “One of the 100 greatest innovators, artists, scientists and visionaries of our time’. The extremists were, and they are, afraid of books and pens. The power of education frightens them. They are afraid of women… Let us pick up our books and pens. They are our most powerful weapons.
Creating Ripples Of Hope
Stories shared on the internet about women’s struggles, wisdom and strength will hopefully send a message to those in harder to reach places. Let March 8th a reminder, that every woman can make a difference.Halo Bule
If you like this article perhaps you like this: A Train Ride Through Java